The Toronto Star June 11, 1999

Ministry kept town in dark over arsenic, group says
Air, soil laced with carcinogen, records reveal

By Brian McAndrew
Toronto Star Environment Reporter

DELORO – The provincial government has known for over a decade that arsenic has poisoned the soil around the homes of residents of this tiny eastern Ontario village.

And for years people were breathing air laced with arsenic dust, government records reveal.

But the environment ministry never let them in on these potentially deadly little secrets.

Last night, they found out.

A Toronto environmental group, Energy Probe, dropped the bombshell during a community meeting organized by the ministry to keep residents informed about cleanup efforts at the abandoned Deloro gold mine and smelter

Residents have known for years about the pollution problems around the 280-hectare mine along the eastern edge of town, but they did not know the problem was so close to home.  About 30 village residents attending the meeting were outraged.

“If we knew this information in the first place, we never would have bought a house here,” shouted angry resident Gord Dancey.

About 175 people live in the village.

The residents were also anxious to learn results of a ministry health test last fall that involved soil and dust sampling, and voluntary urine samples from residents.

Jim Ritter, the ministry’s Deloro project engineer, conceded the ministry was aware of contamination within the village when the tests were started last fall.

He refused to reveal results of the tests that are still being studied, but promised a community meeting in mid-July.“You’ve got to tell us something, man,” pleaded resident Andrew Wells.  “I think they found more contamination than they want us to know.”

Researchers at a Probe affiliate – the Environmental Bureau of Investigation – uncovered a ministry document revealing that tests conducted on private property in Deloro outside the mine site more than 10 years ago showed arsenic contamination in the soil 30 times higher than levels now considered acceptable.

The tests were done in 1986 and 1987 by the ministry’s phytotoxicology section, but the results were never made public, according to the document.

They never even shared the results with others in the ministry, although members of its regional office’s operations division provided them with a guided tour to take soil samples, the document says.

“We can’t rely on the government to help the people of Deloro” said Tom Adams, executive director of Energy Probe. “The government just isn’t dealing with this.”

Adams believes the province, which took control of the Deloro mine site in 1979, should provide residents with financial assistance to relocate.

“It seems to me that’s the only thing to do,” Adams said. “You can’t force people to leave, but these men, women and children should have the option of getting out of there.”

The information made public by Energy Probe was contained in a “briefing note” prepared by the ministry for a meeting in Belleville last Feb. 18 with health ministry officials and the area’s medical officer of health to discuss what amounted to the                  accidental discovery of high levels of arsenic within the town.

Deloro is about 45 kilometres north of Belleville beyond Highway 7, between the towns of Marmora and Madoc.

According to the briefing note:

An outside consultant had conducted some soil sampling tests around the mine and in parts of the town in 1997 as part of the ministry’s ongoing cleanup efforts.

The consultant recommended additional studies after finding arsenic levels ranging between 190 and 1,200 parts per million (ppm). Ministry guidelines recommend a soil cleanup when arsenic reach 25 ppm.

Members of the phytotoxicology section reviewed the consultant’s proposal on Feb. 2, 1998. Four days later the section’s manager informed the ministry’s Deloro cleanup project engineer that the work proposed by the consultant had already been done in 1986 and 1987.

Those earlier soil tests from 18 sampling sites around the village                  revealed an average arsenic level of 723 ppm – nearly 30 times higher than the level recommended for cleanup with a maximum finding of 5,500 ppm.

The testing in the village was done as a part of the ministry’s effort to develop a cleanup standard for arsenic contamination and “as such, a public report was not prepared and the Eastern Region (ministry office in Kingston) was not informed of the findings.”

The briefing note’s author, Dave McLaughlin of the ministry’s standards development branch, wrote the arsenic in the village likely came from the smoke stacks of the refinery that closed in 1961 and more recently as contaminated dust blown by the wind from piles of mine wastes known as tailings.

The tailings piles are now covered by rock to prevent the dust from blowing into the town just west of the mine property boundary.

Arsenic, a by-product of the mining industry, is a known cancer-causing agent. It can be ingested through food grown in contaminated soil or absorbed through the skin.

Small amounts absorbed over a period of time can result in chronic arsenic poisoning, producing nausea, headaches, colouration and scaling of the skin anorexia and white lines across the fingernails.

Ingestion of large amounts can lead to vomiting, renal failure and death.